Richard, Richard, though thou art ever be rich and semper augustus

Henry and Richard
Henry and Richard

The peace of the September 1263 parliament was not at all to the liking of Pope Urban IV. Kings like Henry should only bow to pontiffs like him, not to their subjects. He decided to write a nastygram to Richard of Cornwall, who had fallen into a stupor after Simon refused to treat with him. ‘The boisterous fluctuation of the storm, which shakes the solid foundation of the kingdom of England, has been raised with your tacit permission, perhaps even stirred up by you.’ Henry no doubt had told on his brother to the pope, a man who, for the life of him, could not understand how revolution was possible with rich and powerful men like Richard around to prevent it. 

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