King Henry III, Eleanor of Provence, Simon and Eleanor de Montfort – Their struggle over monarchy and parliament in 13th century England

Philip II de Montfort

When Charles of Anjou moved in to conquer the kingdom of Sicily in 1265, he chose Philip II de Montfort […]

Cousinicide

The de Montfort family of the 13th century held lordships from Wales to the Holy Land. That gave them ample […]

Thick bloodline

Historic adversaries Henry III (d. 1272) and Simon de Montfort (d. 1265) were actually kin twice over. They were both […]

War

On this day of 25 April in 1263 Simon (VI) de Montfort returned to England after nearly 18 months of […]

War or peace

April 23rd marks the greatest failure of Henry III’s 56 years on the throne. It is, of course, St George’s […]

Scottish heir

A son and heir to the throne of Scotland was born on this day of 21 January in 1264 to […]

Two rising stars

In the late 1230s, there were two rising stars at the court of Henry III. The first was Simon de […]

London Bridge

In the summer of 1263, a populist reformer named Simon de Montfort led an armed uprising against King Henry III […]

Marriage between equals

On this day of 14 January in 1236, Henry III and Eleanor of Provence were married in Canterbury. She was […]

Court Astronomer

A great conjunction of Jupiter and Saturn will appear visibly the closest in the early evening sky of today’s December […]

The Two Henrys

December is a tale of two English kings named Henry marching into Paris. The more familiar one has Henry V […]

The Pope and the Monk

This day of 7 December in 1254 saw the death of Sinibaldo Fieschi, otherwise known as Pope Innocent IV. His […]

Getting shafted

In 1947 Noël Denholm-Young published a biography of Richard of Cornwall that is generally considered a classic, but one in […]

Politics and vineyards

Following the Anglo-French peace treaty of 1259, the wine-growing region of Bergerac was much disputed. As the newly created duke […]

Death of Katherine

In August of 1253, King Henry III sailed to Gascony to put down an uprising against his recalled lieutenant Simon […]

Henry’s funeral

Henry was buried on this day of 20 November in 1272. He was dressed in his coronation robes and carried […]

Dedication of Westminster Abbey

The 13th of October marks the feast day of St Edward the Confessor. His cult was promoted extensively during the […]

Death of Grosseteste

This day of 9 October in 1253 saw the passing of Robert Grosseteste, the scholarly but irascible bishop of Lincoln, […]

Dedication of Salisbury Cathedral

Tomorrow, the 1st of October, marks the birth of Henry III in 1207. Notices about it are typically confined to […]

Dedication of Ely Cathedral

This day of 17 September in 1252 saw the dedication of Ely Cathedral as built up to that time by […]

Once pardoned, twice beheaded

It was on this day of 9 September in 1238 that Henry III and Eleanor of Provence were in residence […]

Battle of Evesham

For all its bloodshed, the battle of Evesham, fought on this day of 4 August in 1265, has a certain […]

Henry III and Becket’s shrine

The 7th of July 1220 marks the 800th anniversary of the translation of Thomas Becket, who had been martyred 50 […]

Eleanor of Provence

Eleanor of Provence died on the day of the Nativity of St John the Baptist (24 June) in 1291, age […]