King Henry III, Eleanor of Provence, Simon and Eleanor de Montfort – Their struggle over monarchy and parliament in 13th century England

Dedication of Ely Cathedral

This day of 17 September in 1252 saw the dedication of Ely Cathedral as built up to that time by […]

Once pardoned, twice beheaded

It was on this day of 9 September in 1238 that Henry III and Eleanor of Provence were in residence […]

Battle of Evesham

For all its bloodshed, the battle of Evesham, fought on this day of 4 August in 1265, has a certain […]

Henry III and Becket’s shrine

The 7th of July 1220 marks the 800th anniversary of the translation of Thomas Becket, who had been martyred 50 […]

Eleanor of Provence

Eleanor of Provence died on the day of the Nativity of St John the Baptist (24 June) in 1291, age […]

Battle of Lewes

On this day of 14 May in 1264 King Henry III marched out of Lewes to confront the army of […]

Translation of Henry III

On this day 730 years ago the body of Henry III was removed from its resting place under the Cosmati […]

Marriage and Fateful Widowhood

This day of 24 April in 1224 should have seen the start of the honeymoon for Eleanor, the youngest daughter […]

The countess and her children

Eleanor de Montfort, the youngest and once beloved sister of Henry III, died on this day of 13 April in […]

The dower millstone

On this day of 6 April in 1231, William Marshal II, the 40-year-old earl of Pembroke, died suddenly, less than […]

Sneaky Brother Matthew

In his 1958 study of Matthew Paris, Richard Vaughan comes to this conclusion about the prolific chronicler’s portrait of Henry […]

The murder of Evesham continues

In the medieval calendar, 14 March 1271 is a day-after, when the horrific events of the previous day have sunk […]

Henry’s three sisters

Henry III had three younger sisters. They had exceptionally close relationships, and the two sisters that had children, Isabella and […]

Be my elected Valentine

Henry III and Eleanor of Provence are among the most romantic of royal couples, but thanks to them Valentine’s Day […]

Attempting to avert war

The date 23 January 1264 is remembered in medieval history for the Mise of Amiens, the judgment issued by King […]

The queen’s coronation

Eleanor of Provence saw London for the first time on this day of 20 January in 1236. She arrived with […]

Last call for the crusade

This is the ‘round’ inside the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Northampton, built in imitation of the church in […]

A Royal Row

Henry III and Eleanor of Provence were married for 36 years until his death in 1272. There’s no evidence of […]

King John’s youngest

Like her husband Simon, the birth date and place of Eleanor de Montfort cannot be determined with accuracy but there […]

The Plantagenets by a thread

On this day of 28 October in 1216, Henry III was crowned king of England in Gloucester. His claim to […]

In the year 1207

Henry III was born in Winchester on this day, 1 October. Says the Dunstable annalist, “In the year 1207 a […]

They didn’t all speak French

Eleanor of Provence would have grown up speaking Provençal, a dialect of Occitan. Coming from a noble family, doubtless she […]

Rumours of the birth

Further to the previous post about Richard de Montfort, Simon and Eleanor’s fifth and youngest son, he was born in […]