King Henry III, Eleanor of Provence, Simon and Eleanor de Montfort – Their struggle over monarchy and parliament in 13th century England

Death of Henry III

Henry III died on this day of 16 November in 1272 in his chamber at Westminster Palace. His last months […]

Authentic history

The annals of Tewkesbury reports that on this St Michael’s Day in 1258, Salisbury Cathedral was consecrated in the presence […]

Eleanor and Edward

Sometime in the late hours of this day in 1239, Eleanor of Provence gave birth to a boy she and […]

Henry and Simon Part Two

Henry III and Simon de Montfort were about the same age, in their early twenties, both were unmarried and as […]

Henry and Simon Part One

So how did Simon (VI) de Montfort come to settle in England in the first place? The answer is a […]

Philip II de Montfort

When Charles of Anjou moved in to conquer the kingdom of Sicily in 1265, he chose Philip II de Montfort […]


The de Montfort family of the 13th century held lordships from Wales to the Holy Land. That gave them ample […]

Thick bloodline

Historic adversaries Henry III (d. 1272) and Simon de Montfort (d. 1265) were actually kin twice over. They were both […]


On this day of 25 April in 1263 Simon (VI) de Montfort returned to England after nearly 18 months of […]

War or peace

April 23rd marks the greatest failure of Henry III’s 56 years on the throne. It is, of course, St George’s […]

Scottish heir

A son and heir to the throne of Scotland was born on this day of 21 January in 1264 to […]

Two rising stars

In the late 1230s, there were two rising stars at the court of Henry III. The first was Simon de […]

London Bridge

In the summer of 1263, a populist reformer named Simon de Montfort led an armed uprising against King Henry III […]

Marriage between equals

On this day of 14 January in 1236, Henry III and Eleanor of Provence were married in Canterbury. She was […]

Court Astronomer

A great conjunction of Jupiter and Saturn will appear visibly the closest in the early evening sky of today’s December […]

The Two Henrys

December is a tale of two English kings named Henry marching into Paris. The more familiar one has Henry V […]

The Pope and the Monk

This day of 7 December in 1254 saw the death of Sinibaldo Fieschi, otherwise known as Pope Innocent IV. His […]

Getting shafted

In 1947 Noël Denholm-Young published a biography of Richard of Cornwall that is generally considered a classic, but one in […]

Politics and vineyards

Following the Anglo-French peace treaty of 1259, the wine-growing region of Bergerac was much disputed. As the newly created duke […]

Death of Katherine

In August of 1253, King Henry III sailed to Gascony to put down an uprising against his recalled lieutenant Simon […]

Henry’s funeral

Henry was buried on this day of 20 November in 1272. He was dressed in his coronation robes and carried […]

Dedication of Westminster Abbey

The 13th of October marks the feast day of St Edward the Confessor. His cult was promoted extensively during the […]

Death of Grosseteste

This day of 9 October in 1253 saw the passing of Robert Grosseteste, the scholarly but irascible bishop of Lincoln, […]