King Henry III, Eleanor of Provence, Simon and Eleanor de Montfort – Their struggle over monarchy and parliament in 13th century England

The second Eleanor

1237 Eleanor of Provence was the second of the four daughters of poverty-stricken Count Ramon Berenger. Known as Eleanor La […]

The first rebellion

1234 By this time Richard, the earl of Cornwall, had also married into the Marshal clan. William’s sister Isabella was […]

The first Eleanor

1231 The youngest of John’s children, Eleanor (1215 – 1275) had all the beauty of her mother Isabella of Angoulême. […]

Courtly intrigue

1231 The Leicester holdings, it turned out, generated little income to cover the debts Simon had incurred to recover them. […]

Always the Jews

1231 The expedition was a total failure. Young Henry looked splendid in his armor until dysentery took hold of him […]

Arriving in England

1230 When the middle brother died during another siege, the oldest brother Amaury had only Simon to contend with for […]

The crimes of the father

1218 Simon’s namesake father had gained fame throughout Europe for his ruthless suppression of the Cathars during the Albigensian Crusade. […]

The third son

1208 Simon de Montfort was described as “tall in body and handsome in face.” He was also said to have […]

The simple king

1207 Stout and florid in later life, no doubt from a love of good wine, the one physical feature of […]

Simon and Henry

Next door to the cathedral is the Palace of Westminster with its iconic clock tower. It’s home to the houses […]

The true visionary

The Westminster Abbey we know today was the vision of King Henry III. A fickle man of unsteady purpose, Henry […]