King Henry III, Eleanor of Provence, Simon and Eleanor de Montfort – Their struggle over monarchy and parliament in 13th century England

Royal wedding and firestorm

On 7 January 1238 Henry III gave his youngest sister Eleanor in marriage to Simon de Montfort. Rarely has a […]

2014 comes to an end

The year, not the website, for things really start to heat up in 1265 as Simon tries to consolidate his position, culminating […]

On this day 750 years ago

‘Henry, by the grace of God king of England, lord of Ireland, and duke of Aquitaine. Since after the grave […]

The final snub

The proposal the bishops brought back with them to England called for yet more talks and for each side to […]

Papal intimidation

Further peace initiatives came and went until finally, on 24 September 1264, an envoy of Montfortians left for Boulogne to […]

Louis the farmer

Nobody was more anxious for the invasion force to disperse than Henry. In his letters to Louis, he indicated he […]

The ingratitude of the English

The Ordinance was barely a week old when the feudal host was called out to repel an invasion force being […]

Speaking of anniversaries

June 28 is remembered today as the centennial of Gavrilo Princip leaving a sandwich bar in Sarajevo and putting a bullet […]

Keeping the peace

The hostilities may have ceased after the victory at Lewes, but confusion and disarray were everywhere, much of it the […]

Lewes 750 years ago this day

Unlike many battles, which by their nature are terrible and destructive events, Lewes stands out for certain features that give […]

The battle lines are drawn

On 6 May 1264 Montfort marched his army out of London to seek out the king. The move may have […]

At least one victory

Henry lost at Lewes and was on the losing side at Evesham, but he did have one victory when, on […]

Appeasement be damned

Taking a detour from the 750th anniversary of Lewes and Montfort’s parliament, 14 March 1939 marks the 75th anniversary of […]

Richard’s weak spot

Well, maybe not so quickly. Henry had ordered the royalist barons to assemble in Windsor, but it took him nine […]

Avoiding spring break in Oxford

Henry spent more on Dover than any other castle during his reign. He must have therefore found it infuriating that […]

Letting the French decide

Having missed his chance to bag his adversary along the Thames, Henry retreated to Windsor to draw up his letters […]

Chief disturber of the realm

On November 22nd, 1263, Pope Urban IV, who had issued bulls both in favour and against the Provisions, now came […]

Turning tail

Of all the defections to the king in the autumn of 1263, when the English turned tail according to a […]

Edward in his element

How Henry loved the October 13th feast day of St. Edward! In 1255 he swallowed the yarn about the Jews […]

The March on London

The October newsletter is out, addressing the events of 750 years ago and the parliament Edward and his cohorts disrupted, […]

12 September 1213

Eight centuries ago this day the crusader army under Simon de Montfort III left their besieged position at Muret to […]