King Henry III, Eleanor of Provence, Simon and Eleanor de Montfort – Their struggle over monarchy and parliament in 13th century England

Lewes, 11 May 1264

Henry III has encamped his army in and around this town near the Sussex coast. Since going on the offensive […]

Another Henry the young king

On 28 October 1216, exactly 800 years ago this day, the eldest son of King John and Isabella of Angouleme […]

With a son like Edward

14 May 1264, the battle of Lewes and Simon de Montfort’s victory over Henry III, leading to conciliar control of […]

Eleanor of Provence

Eleanor of Provence

Marking this International Women’s Day with a salute to Eleanor of Provence, the wife of Henry III who may rightly […]

Showing up Edmund

On 7 January 1238 Henry III set off a firestorm by marrying his sister Eleanor to faithful councilor Simon de […]

Never to perjurers and apostates

England drifted towards civil war in late 1263 as Henry III reclaimed more of the machinery of government from Simon […]

The two Eleanors

On 28 October 1265, nearly three months after her husband and son fell at Evesham, Eleanor de Montfort handed over […]

Thomas Fitz-Thomas

Two months after Evesham, 4 October 1265, the mayor of London, Thomas Fitz-Thomas, knew there was no putting it off […]

Evesham, for battle it was none

The battle of Evesham, which was fought under a dark, rainless cloud 750 years ago this day, truly changed everything. […]

London Bridge is Falling Down

As Simon de Montfort’s army approached in July 1263, Queen Eleanor (of Provence) had no intention of capitulating like her […]

The Ordinance of 1264

On 28 June 1264 an ordinance was sealed by Parliament following the victory of the Montfortian party at Lewes six […]

Wheel of Fortune

On 14 June 1261 Henry III was at Winchester, the city of his birth, to proclaim that Pope Alexander IV […]

The Savior and the Changeling

The Song of Lewes is arguably the first great masterpiece of political literature in England and yet its composition in […]

Robin of Flimwell

On May 2nd in 1264 Henry’s favorite cook named Thomas was killed by an unseen archer while riding out ahead […]

Seizing the initiative

With the war being lost after the loss of Northampton, Montfort knew he needed to draw the king’s forces south […]

London’s Kristallnacht

The ease with which Northampton fell generated rumors that traitors were at work, and in London, as in any city […]

And all our yesterdays

It couldn’t be put off any longer. On 1 April 1265 Simon and his retinue left Odiham, destination Northampton, meant […]

The final gathering

It was on 19 March 1265 that Simon arrived at Odiham for what would be the last time the Montfort […]

King “during pleasure”

On this day 750 years ago the mayor of London, Thomas Fitz-Thomas, led the aldermen of that city to St. […]

Irresistible

On this day 750 years ago, Parliament concluded in Westminster Hall with a ceremony handing the Lord Edward over to […]