King Henry III, Eleanor of Provence, Simon and Eleanor de Montfort – Their struggle over monarchy and parliament in 13th century England

The house of houses

It’s the 14th of February, the year 1265, and something big is about to go down in the chapter house […]

A saint otherwise

On this day of 12 February in 1266, Walter de Cantilupe, the bishop of Worchester, died a broken man. He […]

The Wheel of Fortune

On this date of 02 February in 1239, Henry III invested Simon de Montfort with the title of Earl of […]

Merton and the unicorn

In 1258 Henry III and his barons set out to reform the realm under a constitution known as the Provisions […]

Clerical War, not Barons’ War

More evidence that the ‘Second Barons’ War’ was in fact a ‘Clerical War’ comes in the writs for parliament to […]

Sex and money

On this day of 7 January in 1238 (780 years ago), one of the first sex scandals in English politics […]

Before there was King Lear

In May 1265 Simon de Montfort had been at the head of a parliamentary state for one year, with King […]

Miracle of Battlewell

The miracles of Simon de Montfort, as recorded in the chronicle of William Rishanger, has this interesting entry:   ‘The […]

When the legate becomes the pope

In the aftermath of Simon de Montfort’s victory at Lewes in May 1264, Cardinal Guy Foulquois tried to go to […]

Lewes, 15 May 1264

Battles by nature are terrible things and 2,000 men fell that day, but Lewes has a certain mythical quality that […]

Lewes, 14 May 1264

Dawn in Lewes on 14 May 1264 breaks around four o’clock. A group of foragers out and about spots Montfort’s […]

Lewes, 13 May 1264

The next day, 13 May 1264, Montfort moves his men closer to Lewes, near a bend in the River Ouse […]

Lewes, 12 May 1264

Rising 400 feet west of Lewes is a hilly terrain known as the South Downs. The next day, 12 May […]

Lewes, 11 May 1264

Henry III has encamped his army in and around this town near the Sussex coast. Since going on the offensive […]

Another Henry the young king

On 28 October 1216, exactly 800 years ago this day, the eldest son of King John and Isabella of Angouleme […]

With a son like Edward

14 May 1264, the battle of Lewes and Simon de Montfort’s victory over Henry III, leading to conciliar control of […]

Eleanor of Provence

Eleanor of Provence

Marking this International Women’s Day with a salute to Eleanor of Provence, the wife of Henry III who may rightly […]

Showing up Edmund

On 7 January 1238 Henry III set off a firestorm by marrying his sister Eleanor to faithful councilor Simon de […]

Never to perjurers and apostates

England drifted towards civil war in late 1263 as Henry III reclaimed more of the machinery of government from Simon […]

The two Eleanors

On 28 October 1265, nearly three months after her husband and son fell at Evesham, Eleanor de Montfort handed over […]