King Henry III, Eleanor of Provence, Simon and Eleanor de Montfort – Their struggle over monarchy and parliament in 13th century England

In the year 1240

Just walking through a nearby neighborhood and saw this house number. So what happened in 1240? Simon de Montfort returned […]

Two “Thirds”

Today 1 October marks the birth of Henry III in 1207. Born in Winchester, he had just turned nine when […]

The Lord Steward

The open question following the battle of Evesham was whether Simon de Montfort had been aspiring for the throne, if […]

Eleanor of Provence

Pioneering queen

Celebrating the life of Eleanor of Provence (1223-91) this International Women’s Day, the first woman in post-Conquest England to be […]

The house of houses

It’s the 14th of February, the year 1265, and something big is about to go down in the chapter house […]

A saint otherwise

On this day of 12 February in 1266, Walter de Cantilupe, the bishop of Worchester, died a broken man. He […]

The Wheel of Fortune

On this date of 02 February in 1239, Henry III invested Simon de Montfort with the title of Earl of […]

Merton and the unicorn

In 1258 Henry III and his barons set out to reform the realm under a constitution known as the Provisions […]

Clerical War, not Barons’ War

More evidence that the ‘Second Barons’ War’ was in fact a ‘Clerical War’ comes in the writs for parliament to […]

Sex and money

On this day of 7 January in 1238 (780 years ago), one of the first sex scandals in English politics […]

Before there was King Lear

In May 1265 Simon de Montfort had been at the head of a parliamentary state for one year, with King […]

Miracle of Battlewell

The miracles of Simon de Montfort, as recorded in the chronicle of William Rishanger, has this interesting entry:   ‘The […]

When the legate becomes the pope

In the aftermath of Simon de Montfort’s victory at Lewes in May 1264, Cardinal Guy Foulquois tried to go to […]

Lewes, 15 May 1264

Battles by nature are terrible things and 2,000 men fell that day, but Lewes has a certain mythical quality that […]

Lewes, 14 May 1264

Dawn in Lewes on 14 May 1264 breaks around four o’clock. A group of foragers out and about spots Montfort’s […]

Lewes, 13 May 1264

The next day, 13 May 1264, Montfort moves his men closer to Lewes, near a bend in the River Ouse […]

Lewes, 12 May 1264

Rising 400 feet west of Lewes is a hilly terrain known as the South Downs. The next day, 12 May […]

Lewes, 11 May 1264

Henry III has encamped his army in and around this town near the Sussex coast. Since going on the offensive […]

Another Henry the young king

On 28 October 1216, exactly 800 years ago this day, the eldest son of King John and Isabella of Angouleme […]

With a son like Edward

14 May 1264, the battle of Lewes and Simon de Montfort’s victory over Henry III, leading to conciliar control of […]