King Henry III, Eleanor of Provence, Simon and Eleanor de Montfort – Their struggle over monarchy and parliament in 13th century England

Before there was King Lear

In May 1265 Simon de Montfort had been at the head of a parliamentary state for one year, with King […]

Miracle of Battlewell

The miracles of Simon de Montfort, as recorded in the chronicle of William Rishanger, has this interesting entry:   ‘The […]

When the legate becomes the pope

In the aftermath of Simon de Montfort’s victory at Lewes in May 1264, Cardinal Guy Foulquois tried to go to […]

Lewes, 15 May 1264

Battles by nature are terrible things and 2,000 men fell that day, but Lewes has a certain mythical quality that […]

Lewes, 14 May 1264

Dawn in Lewes on 14 May 1264 breaks around four o’clock. A group of foragers out and about spots Montfort’s […]

Lewes, 13 May 1264

The next day, 13 May 1264, Montfort moves his men closer to Lewes, near a bend in the River Ouse […]

Lewes, 12 May 1264

Rising 400 feet west of Lewes is a hilly terrain known as the South Downs. The next day, 12 May […]

Lewes, 11 May 1264

Henry III has encamped his army in and around this town near the Sussex coast. Since going on the offensive […]

Another Henry the young king

On 28 October 1216, exactly 800 years ago this day, the eldest son of King John and Isabella of Angouleme […]

With a son like Edward

14 May 1264, the battle of Lewes and Simon de Montfort’s victory over Henry III, leading to conciliar control of […]

Eleanor of Provence

Eleanor of Provence

Marking this International Women’s Day with a salute to Eleanor of Provence, the wife of Henry III who may rightly […]

Showing up Edmund

On 7 January 1238 Henry III set off a firestorm by marrying his sister Eleanor to faithful councilor Simon de […]

Never to perjurers and apostates

England drifted towards civil war in late 1263 as Henry III reclaimed more of the machinery of government from Simon […]

The two Eleanors

On 28 October 1265, nearly three months after her husband and son fell at Evesham, Eleanor de Montfort handed over […]

Thomas Fitz-Thomas

Two months after Evesham, 4 October 1265, the mayor of London, Thomas Fitz-Thomas, knew there was no putting it off […]

Evesham, for battle it was none

The battle of Evesham, which was fought under a dark, rainless cloud 750 years ago this day, truly changed everything. […]

London Bridge is Falling Down

As Simon de Montfort’s army approached in July 1263, Queen Eleanor (of Provence) had no intention of capitulating like her […]

The Ordinance of 1264

On 28 June 1264 an ordinance was sealed by Parliament following the victory of the Montfortian party at Lewes six […]

Wheel of Fortune

On 14 June 1261 Henry III was at Winchester, the city of his birth, to proclaim that Pope Alexander IV […]